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Montana State Records


The state of Montana is also called "Big Sky Country", "The Treasure State". Their moto is Oro y Plata (Spanish: Gold and Silver). The official languages are English. Before statehood it was called Montana Territory. Montana's government is comprised of the Governor, who is currently Brian Schweitzer (D), Lieutenant Governor, who is currently John Bohlinger (R), Senators: Max Baucus (D), Jon Tester (D), House Delegation: Denny Rehberg (R) (list).The legislature is Montana Legislature.

Total area for Montana is 147,042 sq mi (381,154 km2) (Ranked 4th in the U.S.). The width is 630 miles (1,015 km) and the length is 255 miles (410 km). In terms of latitude and longitude we have: 44° 21′ N to 49° N and 104° 2′ W to 116° 3′ W. According to the 2010 United States Census, the total population is 998,199 (Ranked 44th in the U.S.). The highest point is Granite Peak 12,807 ft (3903.5 m) and the lowest point is Kootenai River at Idaho border 1,804 ft (550 m).

The local time zone is Mountain: UTC -7/-6. The abbreviations used for this state are MT Mont. US-MT. Additional information and the official website of the state is found at www.mt.gov.

Montana (i/mɒnˈtænə/) is a state in the Western United States. The western third of Montana contains numerous mountain ranges. Smaller 'island ranges' are found in the central third of the state, for a total of 77 named ranges that are part of the Rocky Mountains. This geographical fact is reflected in the state's name, derived from the Spanish word montaña (mountain). Montana has several nicknames, none official, including: 'Big Sky Country' and 'The Treasure State', and slogans that include 'Land of the Shining Mountains' and more recently, 'The Last Best Place'. Montana is the 4th-most extensive, but the 7th-least populous and the 3rd-least densely populated of the 50 United States. The economy is primarily based on services, with ranching, wheat farming, oil and coal mining in the east, and lumber, tourism, and hard rock mining in the west. Millions of tourists annually visit Glacier National Park, the Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument, and three of the five entrances to Yellowstone National Park.

The name Montana comes from the Spanish word Montaña meaning 'mountain' or more broadly, 'mountainous country'. Montaña del Norte was the name given by early Spanish explorers to describe the entire mountainous region of the west. Historians believe General and former Kansas Territory Governor James W. Denver was aware of this when asked by Senate chairman of the Committee on Territories Stephen A. Douglas for a name of one of the several territories he was planning on proposing. Though Douglas never did introduce a bill with the name Montana, he is credited with at least introducing the name. The name was eventually added to a bill by the United States House Committee on Territories, which was chaired at the time by Rep. James Ashley of Ohio, for the territory that would become Idaho Territory. The name was successfully changed by Representatives Henry Wilson (Massachusetts) and Benjamin F. Harding (Oregon) both complained that Montana had 'no meaning'. When Ashley presented a bill to establish a temporary government in 1864, for a new territory to be carved out of Idaho, he again chose Montana Territory. This time Rep. Samuel Cox, also of Ohio, objected to the name. He complained that the name was a misnomer given that most of the territory was not at all mountainous and that an Indian name would be more appropriate than a Spanish one. To this Rep. Elihu Washburne of Illinois jokingly suggested Abyssinia. Cox suggested Shoshone, but its translated meaning of 'snake' elicited laughter and a remark that the bill had progressed too far to have the territory's name changed without unanimous consent. Cox then suggested that the new territory be called 'Jefferson', to which Ashley responded, 'Oh, well, we are opposed to that.' This astounded Cox, 'Opposed to Jefferson! I propose that we name the new territory, by unanimous consent, 'Douglas Territory.' I think the gentleman opposite will agree to that,' to which Ashley replied, 'Oh, no, we cannot do that.' Rep. John Pruyn then commented that the Governor Lyon of Idaho Territory said he thought the names for the two territories should be reversed given Idaho was more mountainous than Montana. Finally, Rep. Edwin Webster of Maryland stepped in and suggested that every father has the right to name his own child, and since the bill was the progeny of the Committee on Territories, the committee could name it whatever they wanted. After more laughter the name was settled.

With a land area of 147,046 square miles (380,850 km2), Montana is slightly larger than Japan and slightly smaller than Paraguay. It is the fourth largest state in the United States (after Alaska, Texas, and California), the largest landlocked U.S. state, and the 56th largest national state/province subdivision in the world. To the north, Montana shares a 545-mile (877 km) border with three Canadian provinces: British Columbia, Alberta, and Saskatchewan. To the east, the state borders North Dakota and South Dakota. To the south lies Wyoming and to the west and southwest is Idaho.

   
 

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